ULANGAN TENGAH SEMESTER
SMA NEGERI 1 CAWAS
TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012
|Hari / Tanggal||:||Sabtu, 15 Oktober 2011|
|Kelas / Program||:||XII IPA dan IPS|
|Waktu||:||07.00 – 08.30 WIB (90 menit)||
- I. Read the text then answer the questions.
There was once upon a time a poor peasant called Crabb, who drove with two oxen and a load of wood to the town, and sold it to a doctor for two talers. When the money was being counted out to him, it so happened that the doctor was sitting at table, and when the peasant saw how well he ate and drank, his heart desired what he saw, and would willingly have been a doctor too. So he remained standing a while, and at length inquired if he too could not be a doctor. ‘Oh, yes,’ said the doctor, ‘that is easily done.’ ”What must I do?” asked the peasant.
“First buy yourself an A B C book of the kind which has a cock on the frontispiece; second, sell your cart and your two oxen, and get yourself some clothes, and whatsoever else pertains to medicine; third, have a sign painted for yourself with the words, “I am Doctor Knowall,” and have that nailed up above your house-door.” The peasant did everything that he had been told to do. After he had treated people a while, a rich and great lord had some money stolen. Then he was told about Doctor Knowall who lived in such and such a village, and must know what had become of the money. So the lord had the horses harnessed to his carriage, drove out to the village, and asked Crabb if he was Doctor Knowall. Yes, he was, he said. Then he was to go with him and bring back the stolen money. ‘Oh, yes, but Grete, my wife, must go too.’ The lord was willing, and let both of them have a seat in the carriage, and they all drove away together.
When they came to the nobleman’s castle, the table was spread, and Crabb was told to sit down and eat. ‘Yes, but my wife, Grete, too,’ he said, and he seated himself with her at the table. And when the first servant came with a dish of delicate fare, the peasant nudged his wife, and said: ‘Grete, that was the first,’ meaning that was the servant who brought the first dish. The servant, however, thought he meant to say: ‘That is the first thief,’ and as he actually was so, he was terrified, and said to his comrade outside:
‘The doctor knows all: we shall fare ill, he said I was the first.’ The second did not want to go in at all, but was forced to. So when he went in with his dish, the peasant nudged his wife, and said: ‘Grete, that is the second.’
This servant was equally alarmed, and he got out as fast as he could. The third fared no better, for the peasant again said: ‘Grete, that is the third.’ The fourth had to carry in a dish that was covered, and the lord told the doctor that he was to show his skill, and guess what was beneath the cover. Actually, there were crabs. The doctor looked at the dish, had no idea what to say, and cried: ‘Ah, poor Crabb.’ When the lord heard that, he cried: ‘There! he knows it; he must also know who has the money!’
At this the servants looked terribly uneasy, and made a sign to the doctor that they wished him to step outside for a moment. When he went out, all four of them confessed to him that they had stolen the money, and said that they would willingly restore it and give him a heavy sum into the bargain, if he would not denounce them, for if he did they would be hanged. They led him to the spot where the money was concealed. With this the doctor was satisfied, and returned to the hall, sat down to the table, and said: ‘My lord, now I will find in my book where the gold is hidden.’ The fifth servant, however, crept into the stove to hear if the doctor knew more. But the doctor sat still and opened his A B C book, turned the pages backwards and forwards, and looked for the cock.
As he could not find it immediately he said: ‘I know you are there, so you had better come out!’ Then the fellow in the stove thought that the doctor meant him, and full of terror, sprang out, crying: ‘That man knows everything!’ Then Doctor Knowall showed the lord where the money was, but did not say who had stolen it, and received from both sides much money in reward, and became a renowned man.
Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia., 1999
- Who is actually doctor knowall?
- Why did Crabb ask for advice from the doctor?
- What did Crabb mean when he said to his wife: “That was the first?
- What did Crabb sell to the doctor?
- Why did the nobleman require Crabb’s help?
- Who did Crabb insist on bringing with him to the nobleman’s castle?
- How many servants did the nobleman have?
- What did the servants tell Crabb?
- Did the doctor knowall tell the nobleman who stole his money?
- … he said: ‘I know you are there, so you had better come out!’ (paragraph 6).
Change this sentence into indirect speech!
- What words in the text have the same meaning as the following:
- meal (paragraph 3) = …..
- amazed (paragraph 4) = ….
- kitchen (paragraph 6) = ….
- Find the meaning of the following phrase or clause taken from the text!
- ‘Ah, poor Crabb = ….
- a heavy sum = ….
- if he did = ….
- received from both sides = ….
- Who is the main character of this story?
- Who are the antagonist characters in the story?
- In what paragraph does the complication begin?
- In what paragraph is the major resolution?
- Does the story end for better or for worse?
- II. Read the text then answer the questions.
Acid rain is rain that is highly acidic because of sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and other air pollutants dissolved in it. Normal rain is slightly acidic, with a pH of 6. Acid rain may have a pH value as low as 2.8.
Acid rain can severely damage both plant and animal life. Certain lakes, for example, have lost all fish and plant life because of acid rain.
Acid rain comes from sulphur in coal and oil. When they burn, they make sulphur dioxide (SO2). Most sulphur leaves factory chimneys as the gaseous sulphur dioxide (SO2) and most nitrogen is also emitted as one of the nitrogen oxides (NO or NO2), both of which are gases. The gases may be dry deposited–absorbed directly by the land, by lakes or by the surface vegetation. If they are in the atmosphere for any time, the gases will oxidize (gain an oxygen atom) and go into solution as acids. Sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and the nitrogen oxides will become nitric acid (HNO3). The acids usually dissolve in cloud droplets and may travel great distances before being precipitated as acid rain. Catalysts such as hydrogen peroxide, ozone and ammonium help promote the formation of acids in clouds. More ammonium (NH4) can be formed when some of the acids are partially neutralized by airborne ammonia (NH3). Acidification increases with the number of active hydrogen (H+) ions dissolved in acid. Hydrocarbons emitted by for example, car exhausts will react in sunlight with nitrogen oxides to produce ozone. Although it is invaluable in the atmosphere, low level ozone causes respiratory problems and also hastens the formation of acid rain. When acid rain falls on the ground it dissolves and liberates heavy metals and aluminium (Al). When it is washed into lakes, aluminium irritates the outer surfaces of many fish. As acid rain falls or drains into the lake the pH of the lake falls. Forests suffer the effect of acid rain through damage to leaves, through the loss of vital nutrients, and through the increased amounts of toxic metals liberated by acid, which damage roots and soil micro organisms.
Taken from Science and Technology Encycopedia, 1998
- What does the text tell us?
- What is the pH of normal rain?
- What will happen to sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide if they enter the atmosphere?
- What substances react to form nitric acid?
- What helps promote the formation of acids in clouds?
- ‘Acid rain can severely damage both plant and animal life’ (paragraph 2).
Change this sentence into passive.
- ‘When they burn, …’ (paragraph 3)
What does ‘they’ in this sentence refer to?
- How is ozone produced?
- Does low level ozone harm respiratory organs?
- How does acid rain affect forests?
- What is paragraph 3 about?
- Suppose that we add one more paragraph. Write just one sentence to close the text!
- III. Complete this text with the words provided in the box.
The sun seems to ——–(30) in the morning, ——— (31) the sky during the day and ——— (32) at night. However the sun does not actually ——- (33) around the earth. Earth’s turning on its —— (34) makes it look as if the sun moves.
The earth makes a ——- (35) turn on its axis for 24 hours. It is called as——-(36). It causes day and night. The earth also moves around——(37). It takes 365 days or a year. This —– (38) is called revolution. The revolution process causes the changes of the season
Once there was a farmer from Laos. Every morning and every evening, he ——(39) his field with his buffalo.
- IV. Rearrange these jumbled paragraph into a good narrative text.
- Batara Guru could not bear it. He made the fish free. As soon as it was free, the fish changed into a very beautiful woman. She attracted Batara Guru so much. He felt in love with that fish-woman. The woman wanted to marry with him and said that Batara Guru had to keep the secret which she had been a fish. Batara Guru agreed and promised that he would never tell anybody about it.
- The mother was very annoyed. Batara Guru broke his promise. The mother was shouting angrily. Then the earth began to shake. Volcanoes started to erupt. The earth formed a very big hole. People believed that the big hole became a lake. Then this lake is known as Toba Lake
- Once upon time, there was a handsome man. His name was Batara Guru Sahala. He liked fishing. One day, he caught a fish. He was surprised to find out that the fish could talk. The fish begged him to set it free.
- They were married happily. They had two daughters. One day Batara Guru got very angry with his daughter. He could not control his mad. He shouted angrily and got the word of fish to his daughters. The daughters were crying. They found their mother and talked her about it.